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The Rugendas Letters:
Johann Moritz Rugendas’
First Voyage to Brazil

The Sections of Cap Trafalgar
The First Prussian Maritime Atlas
marine niemeyer - since 1992 -



–  3rd  Period  in  the  Development  of  Cartography  –

Here  AGNESE’S  Manuscript  Atlas

of  the  Petersburg  NATIONAL  LIBRARY

as  Ambassador  of  Cultural  Pretensions  470  Years  ago

Agnese, Battista. Portolan Atlas. Manuscript on vellum. 1546. Fol. 40 pp. With i. a. 3 double full-page miniature plates &

13  double  full-page  very  detailed  charts .

Facsimile in the ORIGINAL SIZE and the ORIGINAL COLORS on paper adjusted in strength, structure & trimming of edges, but also in the back-to-back laminating typical for Agnese to the vellum of the original. With ills. commentary booklet by Tamara P. Worona in the enlarged revision of Arthur Dürst (48 pp.). 1993. Gilt & blind tooled orig. leather in slip-case.

One of the 700 numbered copies for the German-language market.

The  presumably  most  ornate  of  the  only  about  30  signed  works

(total Ĺ“uvre about 70-80 luxury atlases as contract works for high-ranking personalities like Charles V or the Fuggers, of which only “some with 10 or more maps”, Tooley) by the Genoese Agnese (1514-1564) working in Venice as noble producer of portolan charts. In correspondence with its chronological classification present atlas belongs to the

“ post-Californian  group ”

comprising the years 1542-1550, in which the then legendary California already appears as peninsula. Yet also otherwise present charts reflect the latest knowledge of geography then. Generally from today’s point of view his atlases represent a collection of valuable historical expert knowledge. So Agnese obviously was

the  first  who  reproduced  on  charts

the  discoveries  of  Cortes’  envoy  F. de Ullos .

Otherwise he distributed from Venice the leading Spanish models. – As to its contents here i. a.

The New World with Pacific – Atlantic with Africa & Parts of Europe – Indian Ocean with the coasts of Africa and Southern Asia – Europe (without Spain & Southern Italy) – Spain & North Africa including Canaries – Mediterranean Sea – Black Sea – a highly differentiated map of Italy which is considered the best of its time – Aegean Sea – The Holy Land – World projected in oval with the route of Magellan’s circumnavigation .

Besides one plate each with the declination of the sun and the armillary sphere, a Zodiak calendar, astronomical notes on two pages as well as the for such a work rather untypical addition of three double full-page mythological paintings by an unknown Venetian master:

Departure  of  Jason  and  the  Argonauts

Shipwreck  at  High  Sea  with  Poseidon  –  Atlas  with  the  Globe .

Above references to the partly red-hot topicality of the contents of these

contract-oriented  luxury  versions

may illustrate that the charts were basically drafted with practical orientation and therefore meant for use. Only their made-up copies in the service of beauty frequently, yet by no means generally – it shall be reminded of the naturalness of richly decorated sterns – eluded the use aboard, furthering their survival. In other words: where required the geographer’s work was followed by that of the illuminator. Who then had to consider as directed for instance

“ 165  persons  and  animals , 25  ships , 100  fish ,

140  trees  and … 340  flags  (of)  cities  and  castles . ”

See on this Michel Mollet du Jourdain of the Académie de Marine in the introduction to Ronciere’s “Portulane – Seekarten des 13. bis 17. Jahrhunderts”, p. 33. And

“ Without being a real chart the portolan provides a ‘catalog of the courses to be taken between two salient points’ (L. Denoix). So it reflects the observed reality and is witness of a period of the occidental culture, which was called to extend its horizon to the farthest regions of earth … It was based on the calculation of the position of places and the distances between them by means of … a system of compass cards close to each other … One of the merits of the Iberian cartographers, and not the least, was to have recognized due to their experience the errors of the equal-graded charts, in which the earth curvature and the convergence of the meridians are not considered … The most important accomplishment of the Iberian … cartographers thus was to have created a picture of the recently discovered regions which was both geographically accurate and scientifically as exact as possible … Battista Agnese propagated Spanish models. ”

This then theme & setting of the splendid Agnese portolan of 1546. As

an  ambassador  of  cultural  pretensions  470  years  ago .

Offer no. 28,952 / out of print

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